Location

Dinesh Dental Clinic
Postal Address Golghar & Dairy Farm(Speciality Centre), Port Blair, Andamans
Location Port Blair
Clinic Telephone Number 231656
country code+91 3192 231656 e-mail:- dineshdentalclinic@gmail.com
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ANDAMANS (Miniature India)-A dream destination for an Eco-friendly tourist.

andamans1

  • A paradise for nature lovers
  • The matchless gift of nature
  • Unpolluted environs
  • Unexplored beaches
  • Clear blue waters
  • Forest in their pristine glory
  • Luxuriant mangrove-richest in the world
  • Wild life sanctuaries, biosphere for nature lovers

These undulating islands are covered with dense forests and endless variety of exotic flora and fauna. The topography of the islands is hilly and abounds in evergreen forests. The sandy beaches on the edge of meandering coastline are fringed with coconut palms that sway to the rhythm of the sea. The sea around the islands offers excellent scope for adventure water sports. The rare flora and fauna, under water marine life and corals, crystal clear water and mangrove lined creeks, offer a dream-view of the rare gifts of nature. These blessed islands attract any nature-lover, who seeks absolute peace and tranquility in the lap of Mother Nature. A visit to these islands is a memorable life time experience where there is unity in diversity. Tasty sea food is the specialty of these islands. The unpolluted water of Andaman sea bounds with varieties of fish, crabs, lobsters; prawns etc. sea food is profusely available and deliciously cooked. North Indian, south Indian, vegetarian, continental, Chinese dishes are also available. Port Blair is an excellent destination for organising corporate meetings, conferences and get together. Let such events be refreshing and rejuvenating in the cradle of nature.

Places of Tourist Interest:-

  • Harbour cruise.
  • Cellular jail( National memorial, museum & photo gallery) & sound & light show(Son-et-Lumiere).
  • Chatham saw mill.
  • Haddo Mini zoo.
  • Sumudrika( Naval marine museum).
  • Zoological museum.
  • Anthropological museum.
  • Fisheries museum.
  • Sagarika cottage industries emporium.
  • Science centre (good will estate).
  • North Bay.
  • Water sports complex (Rajiv Gandhi statue).
  • Carbines cove beach
  • Gandhi park
  • Children traffic park
  • Sippighat agriculture farm
  • Humfrey gunj memorial
  • Mahatma Gandhi national marine park(wandoor)
  • Jolly buoy and red skin island
  • Ross Island( British time capital )
  • Chidya tapu(sylvan sands beach sun set view point)
  • Marina park
  • Mount Harriet.

Location: Bay of Bengal

92 to 94 degree east longitude

6 to 14 degree north latitude

Areas: – 8,249 Sq.kms

Capital : Port Blair

ISD code : +91-03192 STD 03192 Currency: – Indian Rupee

Language: Mostly all Indian languages & English

Drugs: heavy penalties including imprisonment for possession of narcotic drugs.

The union territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands stretches over a length of more than 700kms, population 4 lakhs plus (approax) Literacy percentage in total 81.18%

Total Islands ( big, small & rocks 572 ) saddle peak- 732 meters(Diglipur), Mount Harriet 365 meters, Mount thullier-642 meters(Great Nicobars) total length 467 kms max width 52 kms.

Nicobar Island: Total length 259 kms, maxi width 58 kms from north to south with 36 inhabited islands. 12 in Nicobar group of islands

Climate: - Tropical and humid. Humidity ranges between 70% & 85% with a gentle breeze blowing at all times. The weather is generally pleasant with a mean temperature of 23 degree C and mean maximum 30 degree C

Journey – by Air (journey time-2hrs),by sea 2-3 days

Chennai to Port Blair( Indian Airlines, jet airways, Kingfisher)

Kolkatta to Port Blair( Indian Airlines, jetlite)
Tips for tourists

  • Ensure to and fro confirmed air tickets and accommodation before proceeding to Andaman Islands.
  • Foreign national should obtain the required permit from the immigration authorities soon after landing on the islands.
  • Visit the permitted areas in the islands only.
  • While driving follow the traffic rules, keep left, carry legal documents like driving license, permit, passport etc.
  • Consult life guards before entering the sea.
  • Swim in safe places only.
  • Keep the beaches and the environment clean.
  • Dispose off the garbage and plastics at proper places/dustbins.
  • Observe decency and decorum in dress.
  • Avail the service of scuba dive instructors having certification of international professional organizations like PADI, CMAS, NAUI, BSAC or SSI for safe diving experience.
  • Approach tourist police for any assistance required.

DONT’S

  • Use of Polythene is banned in Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Mahatma Gandhi national marine park has been declared as plastic free zone, as well as smoking is an offence in public places.
  • Foreign nationals should not enter the islands without required permit
  • Do not enter into restricted area/tribal areas.
  • Do not take video, film or photographs inside tribal reserve area or to the indigenous tribes
  • Do not carry sea fans and seashells unless specific permits are obtained from the fisheries department.
  • Do not light fire into the forest areas.
  • Do not stay on the beaches or forest areas during night, by putting your tents/hammocks.
  • Nudity & demonstrativeness on beaches and public places is forbidden.
  • Do not enter the national parks without permission.
  • Do not collect, destroy or remove any living or dead animal/plant.
  • Do not collect dead coral or touch/break live coral.
  • Do not stand on the coral reef while snorkeling/scuba diving.
  • Do not hunt birds/animals.
  • Do not take video or film without permit, wherever such permission is required.
  • Do not throw garbage and plastics in public places, beaches and into the sea.
  • Do not swim in unsafe waters during monsoon.
  • Do not swim after consuming liquor
  • Do not dive with unqualified /unregistered dive operator for the same may be dangerous to your life.
  • Help us to keep the park clean. Always bring back the litter.

GENERAL

Person who commits breach of any of the conditions of the wildlife protections shall be punishable by law.

ENTRY FORMALITIES

FOREIGNERS:-

Foreigners require permit to stay in the islands, which can now easily be obtained on arrival at Port Blair (either by air or sea) from immigration authorities for 30 days. This can extended by 15 days with permission. In addition, permits can also be obtained from: Indian mission overseas, foreigners registration offices at Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkatta.

INDIANS:-

Indian national needs no permit to visit Andaman’s. However, visiting tribal area of Nicobar district is prohibited. Permits to visit the tribal area can be granted by the deputy commissioner, Andaman’s district, at Port Blair in special cases on receipt of application in prescribed form.

Diving sites near to south Andaman

Cinque Island, North point, fish rock(near passage island)Bala reef(little Andaman),corruption rock(near chidyatapu),Rutland Island, snake Island, Havelock Island(Mac point, Aquarium, Barracuda city, Turtle bay, Seduction point, light house, The wall, Pilot reef, Minerva ledge, Campbell shoal off North button Island(best season December to April)

Long trips:

Neil Island/Havelock island- 2-3 days

Northern group trips- 2 -4 days

Strait island, Baratang, Kadamtala, Rangat, Mayabunder, Diglipur, Kalighat, Barren Island( the only active volcano of India, last erupted in 2004 & volcano tourism was introduced by administration)

Southern group trip more than 12 days to & fro (depending upon sailing)

Little Andaman, Car Nicobar, Chowra, Teresa, Katchal, Nancowry, Great Nicobar(Campbell Bay), Indira point(Southern most point of our country where statue of Late Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is installed)

LIFE STYLE OF NICOBARESE TRIBALS WITH BREIF HISTORY

LOCATION: The Nicobar Islands lie in the bay of Bengal between 6th & 10th parallels North Latitude & between 92’ 40 minute & 94’ East longitude. Nicobar group of islands comprises 19 islands of which 12 islands are inhabited.

HISTORY: The first definite reference to the Nicobar Islands is however found in great Tanjore Inscription of 1050AD chola kings who with their strong navy had contacts with these islands have described them in the inscription a ‘Nakkavaram’ which means the land of naked people.

In 16 the century the islands attracted attention of Christian missionaries.

In 1750 The Danish took possession of islands for colonization & established their Head Quarter in Kamorta Island. In 1869 as a result of negotiation with the Danish government the British took possession of the islands.

One Mission of Church of England was established at Car Nicobar, which was encouraged by British Administration. In 1895 vedappan solomen who was an Indian Missionary with great zeal was posted as agent in car Nicobar and Christian movement acquired a new face. He was the one who established the first Anglican Church called St. Thomas church at Mus village to spread Christianity. One of the boys named John Richardson who was later destined to become a great leader of his people and who can be said to have ushered a new era in the history of the islands From early childhood he showed qualities of leadership & remarkable intellectual powers. Solomen sent for higher studies to Burma under missionary guidance, on return he took up the work of mission & started working as catechist & teacher in the missionary school.

The Second World War & the consequent Japanese occupation of Car Nicobar & the other Islands from 1942-1945 brought the greatest upheavals in the history of these islands. They cut down coconut trees & made Nicobarese to do forced labor for construction of round the island road, runway & small jetty.

John Richardson was made bishop in 1950. The govt was keen that traders do not return to exploit the people & to protect the interests of people of A & N Islands (Protection of Aboriginal Tribes) regulation was passed in 1956 under which entry in the tribal area of Nicobar Islands is restricted to & no outsiders can carry on trade & business without taking a license. Only govt servants & their families as well as their employees of trading Co are normally allowed. Govt acquired cooperative societies were set up at important places, this has also helped in prevention of the basic characteristic of the Nicobarese culture.

There is a cave about 120 yards long in limestone & has marked stalagmite formation. During Japanese occupation Bishop Richardson remained hidden in the cave for sometime to escape arrest.

People in Nicobar Islands speak different languages. Car Nicobar people speak Nicobrese. For centuries in the past they had no script, however in 1912 Mr. George Whitehead who lived some years in the Nicobar Islands as agent & missionary evolved a script with the help of Bishop Richardson. Although people of Car Nicobar also know a little of the other dialects in Nicobar group. Nicobrese can be taken to be the lingua franca of most of these islands.

Nicobarese have good health. Infact visitors to the islands are first of all struck by the welcome sight of muscular bodies of the people & the glow of health & happiness in most faces. Moist climatic & the resultant perspiration are responsible for skin disease like scabies and ringworm. The habit of chewing betel leaves constantly & not cleaning the teeth regularly caused dental diseases. Some diseases like T.B, Trachoma has been brought from out side, probably by traders who were in the islands before Independence & during. Japanese occupation. The diseases have spread because people do not understand the Importance of isolating the persons suffering from diseases.

Both men & women are very fond of smoking. Normally they make heir own biddies, which is called ‘POP’. The outer covers are prepared by taking thin dried leaves of Pandanus which are cut into small pieces & dried tobacco mixed with very small pieces of Pandanus leaves, is then rolled inside the outer cases.

People of Nicobarese have considerable practical skill & talent. All men have some basic carpentry skill, which then pick up quite easily watching & helping elders at work. They make canoes some are very small which can carry 2 or 3 persons & some bigger which can easily accommodate 40 persons or so. No nails are used for joining their outrigger.

Nicobrese love to play & in all respects of their life seek amusement. They not only organize traditional sports like canoe racing, pig fighting, wrestling other games introduced from outside like football, volleyball, cycle race are also organized.

The traditional Nicobarese music is however rather monotonous. All their songs appear to have the same tune. The beat of music is slow. Probably the musical talents of Nicobarese at their best are evinced during carol singing in Christmas season. In these carol the natural musical talents of the Nicobarese and their gifted voices combine with the ardor of faith, deep devotion & sincerity as well as with the perfection of practice. Indeed carol singing in Car Nicobar is top class by any standards. The carol singing goes on for a month before Christmas day. In this period one by one carol singer of different villages & sometimes different groups of singer of one village go round the island in the night singing from door to door & village to village, men & women children all join this singing.

Music has a very important role in the life of Nicobarese moreover

unlike sophisticated people they have no inhibition about singing loudly in the hearing of others. Indeed it is a common daily scene in the islands that

while three or four men are drawing water from their wells or carrying loads on their shoulders or working in their plantations or fishing in their sea, suddenly one of them bursts into a song, the others pick up the string and there is a loud chorus singing many songs one after another till the work is finished.

Nicobarese dance is very simple it is usually done in groups and is always accompanied by singing. The dancers hold one another by hand stretching the form a segment. Sometimes instead of stretching their the dancers hold each other by putting their right hand on their shoulder of the partner and their left in the waist of the previous.

Films with themes of social dramas do not touch the hearts of people, but they are found of humorous films, for they live to laugh. They also like lot of thrillers with lot of action & fighting as in their daily lives they eschew violence in all respects. The Nicobrese film audience is extremely interesting for one thing their patience & discipline are remarkable. Young & old can sit through films shows for hours & stand failure of electricity, cuts in films (which is usually old) without murmur. When film is shown in the open even a sudden rain (drizzle) does not disturb them, some of them particularly women with small children promptly put umbrellas, while others more strong, just ignore it but they all keep sitting in the rain.

Nicobarese are basically honest people normally they respect each other’s rights and do not want to take anything which is not their own. The houses of Nicobarese remain unlocked, but thefts are extremely rare. In fact there was a time when the Nicobarese did not touch money even if they found it lying on the road. The standards of honesty are however declining now, partly due to bad influence of some persons from the mainland & partly due to increased personal demands.

Nicobarese are very sociable people. They hate to be alone & crave for company in all respects. In fact it is almost impossible for a Nicobarese to do any work alone & the people always seek company for completing their day-to-day work. Besides family friends they have other friends also whom they make in their individual capacity. Indeed the Nicobarese are commonly called by the persons from the mainland as’ HOLCHU’ which means my FRIEND.

Nicobarese are strange mixture of shyness & informality. They also feel uncomfortable in the company of persons from outside Ministers & other VIP’s who are used to receiving all kinds of complaints in other parts of country are therefore amazed and moved when invariably the Nicobrese tell them that they do not want anything & they only look forward to the distinguished visitor having a good time in the islands & taking pleasant memories from them.

Nicobarese break into laughter at the slightest opportunity and indeed their easy laughter is one of their most endearing qualities. The people also have marked sense of humor & crack many jokes some of which are at their own expense. They are very sensitive people. They are liable to get hurt easily & feel deeply. Thus the greatest of tact, consideration understanding as well as sympathy & patience are required for dealing with the Nicobarese & without these qualities no person wanting to work amongst these people can ever hope to succeed.

A remarkable spirit of unity, feeling of brotherhood, characterizes Nicobarese society. All people mix freely in social plane. There is extreme type of joint family but many distant relatives such as collateral cousins etc from a part of family. The head of family is usually the son of previous head but there is no hard & fast rule. The criteria of selecting head of family is age, qualities of leadership, intelligence & above all capacity to obey & command. All produce & income of the members of the family are first brought to the head of family who divides them among various members according to their needs. The head of the family lives with all members of the family in a separate group of houses called ‘TUHET’.

The chief captain holds the office for life & is the most important person of the island. He is given unquestioned obedience by all the people of the island & the individual captain of the villages also follow his direction. All-important matters are discussed with the tribal’s councils & the line of action approved by the captain. Tribal council dispense justice & adjudicate in disputes matters such as theft, adultery & other illicit sexual relations assault etc are all decided in these councils.

A village headman called captain is selected. He should have qualities of leadership, power of command & control & capacity to win confidence of others are necessary. Captain is all-powerful. All-important matters are decided by them.

He gives directions to heads of families who in turn get the village work done through the member of families. It is the duty of captain to get in touch with the headman of their villagers, local administration & chief captain. The captain enjoys no special privileges nor have any superior rights in personal matters. In matters of food, drink, dress etc they get no preferential treatment. Their only compensation for the extra responsibilities discharged by them are of the respect they get from all persons in the village & an increase in their social status, It is therefore absolutely wrong to say that the Nicobarese have a feudal type of society, Besides captain every village has two assistants called 2nd captains & 3rd captains, These village headman holds the course of the destiny of the village & can either sink or steer it towards progress & prosperity.

Nicobarese are extravagant they see no reason to hoard money & spend it as quickly as possible or in feasting. Anyone who visits their houses is treated with green tender coconuts & bananas & occasionally tea & biscuits. They give several parties in which govt officials & outsiders are invited & which are in fairly large scale. They also give presents to distinguished visitors from outsider as well as to other persons whom they like specially in Christmas time at a gathering but the person who has given it is not disclosed.

The normal dress of men is now beach shorts, which are sewed at home by women; usually men do not wear any upper garments in village. If at all they wear they prefer readymade sports shirts & shirts purchased from local shops. Women wear Burmese type dress of bright colors & usually printed material. The upper garment is a tight blouse & the lower lungi, some educated girls wears salwar kameez.

Arranged marriages are common & also love- marriage when illicit connections are discovered they are regularized by marriage. As for the illegitimate child their issue is made legitimate by marriage or the family of the girl starts looking after them. No stigma is attached to an illegitimate child who enjoys all rights & gets proper care in the family of the mother. Adoption is very common & adultery is almost completely absent amongst them.

The basic occupation of Nicobarese is said to raising plantations of coconut, areca nut, yams & other vegetables & fruits, making copra extracting coconut oil, looking after livestock & fishing. Besides these they do household work such as carpentry drawing water from wells, collecting firewood, bringing coconut & other produce of plantations for consumptions in their house, cooking making toddy etc. When necessary they also make or repair houses & fishing canoes, dig & clean wells & make articles of handicrafts such as mats & baskets. The women have similar occupation as men. Fishing is done in canoes, on the shore kinyaya (Barrintonia seed) is sprinkled & this intoxicates fish & fell easy to there nets some catch fish by harpooning. Nicobarese are expert mariners and as the sea has connection with their lives they do not have any fear of it. Nicobarese have uncanny knowledge of moods of sea. They can without fail predict the position of tides nature of sea & direction of currents. At places where there are no motor launches the cargo & passengers have to be brought all the way from ship to the shore in the canoes or pontoon. In these circumstances the stevedoring operation are rather difficult but Nicobarese excel themselves in such tasks.

The most important domestic animals of the Nicobarese are pigs a fully-grown pig is about 2 feet high about 121 lbs in weight. Pigs are let loose in forest area, occasionally they are hunted by the owners or caught & brought to village for pig fighting. About 8 to 10 coconuts are given to pigs everyday. Feeding places are fixed at near by houses. Once in a day usually in the evening the owner of the pigs calls them at feeding place by emitting a peculiar sound by rolling the tongue. When a pig is to be carried from one place to another two strong bamboo poles are taken to which the four legs of the pigs are tied firmly & the animal with its face downward & its back resting on some coconut leaves is carried by 4 or 6 persons holding the poles. On first sight one feels great sympathy for the poor animal being carried this way but probably the pig is quite comfortable this way & in any case there is no other way of carrying such an undisciplined animal.

It is interesting that per capita annual income in the Nicobar islands works out to be much higher than that for the whole of the country. Indeed an average Nicobarese is much better off than his counterpart in the mainland. He gets ample food to fill his belly, lives in a reasonably good house & can afford to have few articles required for his simple daily life as well as for amusements. Starvation, extreme poverty and all their accompanying ills are fortunately unknown in the Nicobar Islands.