Dental Implants

HOPE FOR TOOTHLESS PEOPLE

In Medicine, the term implant refers to a device that replaces a body part which is missing. These devices or implants are surgically put or implanted into the body and function instead of the body part that it is replacing. An example of a medical implant is the use of an artificial knee joint to replace a painful, worn-out arthritic knee.

Implants are constructed from materials that are compatible with the tissues of the body; therefore the body does not reject them. A dental implant is a device that is used to replace the root portion of a missing tooth or missing teeth. Dental implants are used to support natural looking teeth and enable patients who are missing some or all of their natural teeth to smile, speak with confidence and chew their food more comfortably.

The most common type of dental implant that is placed into the jaw bone is the threaded titanium cylinder. Dental implants are also available as non-threaded, non-tapered cylinders and as non-threaded, tapered cylinders. The type of implant used is decided upon by the surgeon and depends on the location in the jaw that the implant is needed, and the forces that the implant will encounter.

Even though modern dentistry stresses prevention and maintenance therapy, millions of Indians are toothless (edentulous) in one or both jaws; many of them cannot wear dentures for physical or psychological reasons. Fortunately, dental implants now offer an alternative, a ray of hope for toothless people.

Dental implants are artficial substitutes for natural tooth roots.They are lightweight, metal devices surgically embedded in the gums or in the bone to which replacement teeth are attached. Implants can provide support for improved appearance, speech, comfort, and chewing ability.The implant procedure involves the insertion of tiny metal fixtures into the jawbone. These fixtures actually bond with the bone and hold fixed or removable prosthetic teeth. The new teeth remain in the mouth and can stay secure for years and years.The implants have shown success rates greater than 90% everywhere in the world and are catching on in India.They are still on the expensive side because they are made with great precision with Titanium ,and India does not have the technology to produce them.As with any dental treatment, patients must meet stringent criteria to have a good chance for success. Exceptional oral hygiene is an absolute necessity and they require regular maintenance by a dentist as long as they are functioning.

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Implants rising out of the gums
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Different root-form implants
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On top of the implants we can place a denture .The denture can easily be removed for cleaning, but will stay in place firmly while in the mouth.We can place an implant supported fixed partial denture(bridge).A single crown (tooth) can be placed as well.
Frequently Asked Questions about Dental Implants

Am I a candidate for dental implant/s?

If you are missing one or more teeth, then you may be a candidate for dental implants. A candidate for dental implants should be in a good state of health. You should inform your dentist of any systemic illness or condition that may adversely affect healing. Conditions such as diabetes may not prevent you from having dental implant surgery provided that the disease is being treated successfully. Any concerns that you may have regarding your medical history should be discussed with your dentist at the consultation appointment.

A candidate for dental implants should have enough high quality bone to support the implant(s). When a tooth is lost, the surrounding bone begins to change and may slowly disappear. This slow process is called resorption. If the amount of resorption is slight, then a dental implant may be placed into the bone. However, if the amount of resorption is too great, there may be insufficient bone available to support the implant and bone grafting may be required prior to implant surgery. At the consultation appointment, a complete examination will be performed and you will be informed of the condition of your bone and the options you have with regard to dental implants.

Also if you are an inveterate paan or paan parag eater, less than good at maintaining oral hygeine,you should’nt consider implants.

What is the success rate of dental implants?

This depends very much on where the implants are placed and what they will be called upon to do. The best case scenario is the placement of implants in the front portion of the lower jaw. Here success can be as high as 98-100%.According to figures that we have today, the success of implants in the front part of the upper jaw are anywhere from 90-95%. Success rates of implants in the back part of the upper and lower jaw can be in the 85-90% range.

Why have dental implants become so popular?

As our lifespan increases, the need for some type of permanent dental replacement system becomes very important to our overall health. Dentures and removable bridges have obvious problems: They are loose and unstable. Implants can provide people with dental replacements that are both functional and esthetic. The demand was always there, we just needed the tools to fulfill that demand.

How long after a dental implant is placed can it be used to anchor my new teeth?

The protocol that was originally developed clearly states that we must wait three months in the lower jaw and six months in the upper jaw before we can begin to construct the new dental prosthesis that will be supported by the implants. In recent years, however, there has been a movement within the profession to sort of speed up this process. Today we believe that it is possible in selected patients to accelerate the healing time. We are even loading implants in very specific situations right away.

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Does it hurt to have dental implants placed?

The actual procedure to surgically place a dental implant is done under local anesthesia and is generally not at all painful. When the anesthesia wears off about three or four hours later, you might expect some discomfort. The level of discomfort is quite different from patient to patient, but most patients do not have significant problems. Some patients do have varying degrees of pain or discomfort which may last for several days. Swelling and black & blueing may also develop.

Do I have to go without my teeth & while the implants are bonding to my jaw bone?

Once again, the original protocol called for patients to go without wearing their dentures for at least two weeks after implant placement. Over the years, this has been modified considerably and in most situations, patients leave the office wearing their teeth the day the implants are placed. Every patient and procedure is evaluated separately and there might occasionally be a recommendation that a patient go without their prosthesis for a short period of time.

Pre Treatment
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Implant in place image007.gif Prosthesis in place
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After 6 months
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Pre Treatment
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Implant in place
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Abutment heads
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Prosthesis in place